Human blubber cycle

Here’s a partial list of the various terms I believe are needed to read and understand the literature on the process of fat in the human body (absorption, transport, storage, consumption, regulation) and exactly what this means and what are the mechanisms (there is some duplication as well and I need to cross-reference the list, esp. the acronyms). Of course, advanced biology students would already know most of these terms, but I need the list in order to read some literature I’m finding (I’ll add some links to good papers as I find them, esp. if the papers are really online instead of hidden behind paywalls) This is actually a complex topic and surprisingly I’ve never found a very complete reference that ties all the steps together. Once I get this list completed, I’ll work on succinct definitions and then actually post this, as a page, here in the blog.

Meanwhile it will be interesting to see what searches come here given the richness of the term landscape.

  • 7TM receptors
  • abdominal obesity
  • abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue
  • acetyl-CoA
  • activation, [by, or, of?] enzyme
  • adenosine
  • adenylate cyclase
  • adipocytes
  • adipogenesis
  • adipokines
  • adiponectin
  • adipose derived hormone
  • adipose differentiation-related protein
  • adipose tissue
  • ADP
  • ADP-specific glucokinase
  • adrenergic
  • adrenoceptors
  • affinity
  • agonists
  • albumin
  • aliphatic
  • AMP
  • AMPactivated protein kinase
  • apolipoproteins
  • ATP
  • basal levels
  • beta oxidation
  • binding to receptor
  • bioenergetics
  • biosynthetic pathways
  • blood glucose monitoring
  • blood sugar
  • blood sugar regulation
  • body fat percentage
  • body mass index
  • brown adipose tissue
  • cAMP
  • cAMP-dependent protein kinase
  • capillary endothelium of skeletal muscle
  • carbohydrate loading
  • carbohydrate metabolism
  • carbohydrates
  • carboxyl
  • carboxylic acid
  • carnitine
  • carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I
  • carnitine shuttle
  • cascade of cellular signals
  • catabolic
  • catalyze
  • catecholamine
  • central obesity
  • chemerin
  • cholesterol
  • cholesteryl ester
  • chylomicrons
  • citric acid cycle
  • coenzyme A
  • conversion of carboydrate to fat in adipose tissue
  • coordinated regulation
  • cortisol
  • cyclase
  • cytokines
  • cytoplasm
  • cytosol
  • desensitized receptors
  • diabetes (see type II diabetes)
  • diffusion
  • diglycerides
  • dihydroxyacetonephosphate
  • disaccharides
  • dose-response relation between aerobic exercise and visceral fat reduction
  • duodenum
  • endothelial cells
  • endothelium
  • energy reserves
  • enterocytes
  • epinephrine
  • essential fatty acid
  • ester (esterifying, esterification)
  • estradiol
  • extracellular-regulated kinase
  • extramyocellular triglyceride (EMTG)
  • fat
  • fatty acid intermediates
  • fatty acid metabolism
  • fatty acid mobilization
  • fatty acid synthesis
  • fatty acid translocase (FAT/CD36)
  • fatty acid transport (transporter) protein
  • fatty acid transport in skeletal muscle
  • fatty acid uptake
  • fatty acids
  • fatty acids export from adipose tissue
  • fatty acyl-CoA
  • fatty ceremide
  • fatty diacylglycerol
  • femoral subcutaneous adipose tissue
  • fibroblasts
  • free fatty acids
  • furanose
  • glucagon
  • glucocorticoid
  • glucokinase, glucokinase regulatory protein
  • gluconeogenesis
  • gluconolactone
  • glucose
  • glucose cycle
  • glucose dehydrogenase
  • glucose oxidase
  • glucose test
  • glucose tolerance test
  • glucose transporter
  • glucose uptake
  • glucose-6-phosphatase (G6P)
  • GLUT1
  • GLUT2
  • GLUT3
  • GLUT4
  • gluteal subcutaneous adipose tissue
  • glycated hemoglobin
  • glycation
  • glycemia
  • glycemic control
  • glycemic index
  • glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
  • glycerides
  • glycerol
  • glycerol 3-phosphate
  • glycerol kinase
  • glycogen
  • glycogen debranching enzyme
  • glycogen depletion
  • glycogen phosphorylase
  • glycogen synthase
  • glycogenesis
  • glycogenin
  • glycogenolysis
  • glycolysis
  • glycoside hydrolases
  • glycosidic bonds
  • glycosylated hemoglobin
  • hepatocytes
  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL)
  • hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL)
  • hydrolysis, hydrolyzed
  • hyperglycemia
  • hypoglycemia
  • hypothalamus
  • inhibitory G proteins (Gi)
  • insulin
  • insulin receptor
  • insulin resistance
  • insulin-like growth factor-1
  • insulin-signaling pathway
  • interleukin-6 (IL-6)
  • intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL)
  • intra-abdominal adipose tissue
  • intramuscular stores of carbohydrate and fat
  • intramuscular triglycerides (IMTGs)
  • islets of Langerhans
  • kinase
  • kinetics
  • leptin
  • leptin resistance
  • linoleic acid
  • lipase
  • lipid
  • lipid bilayer of cell membrane
  • lipid droplet
  • lipid metabolism
  • lipid mobilization
  • lipid profile
  • lipoblasts
  • lipogenesis
  • lipolysis
  • lipoprotein
  • lipoprotein lipase (LPL)
  • long fatty acyl CoA synthetase
  • longitudinal studies
  • low density lipoproteins (LDL)
  • low glycemic index diet
  • lower body (femoral or gluteal subcutaneous) adipose tissue
  • macrophages
  • maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max)
  • mechanisms of blood glucose regulation by the body
  • melanocortins
  • membrane-bound GTP-binding regulatory proteins (G proteins)
  • messenger
  • metabolic disorder
  • metabolism, metabolic
  • metabolites
  • metformin
  • mitochondria
  • mobilization of adipose tissue triglycerides during endurance exercise
  • modulate enzyme activity
  • moiety
  • monocyte chemotactic protein-1
  • monoglyceride
  • monoglycerol lipase
  • monosaccharides
  • monounsaturated fat
  • muscle plasma membrane
  • NADH
  • negative caloric balance
  • neuropeptide Y
  • norepinephrine
  • obesity, obese
  • obesity-related metabolic disorders
  • oleic acid
  • oxidation, fatty acid
  • oxidized
  • palmitoyltransferase
  • perilipins
  • phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K)
  • phosphodiesterase
  • phosphodiesterase-3
  • phospholipids
  • phosphorylated, phosphorylation
  • physiological range
  • Pi (a cellular “energetic”)
  • plasma fatty acid concentrations
  • plasma hormones
  • plasma membrane fatty acid-binding protein
  • plasminogen activator inhibitor-1
  • polysaccharides
  • post-prandial
  • prostaglandin
  • protein carriers
  • protein kinase
  • protein kinase A
  • proteoglycans
  • pyranose
  • pyruvate
  • rate of appearance of glycerol (Ra glycerol)
  • rate-limiting step
  • receptor
  • receptor binding
  • receptor-binding affinity
  • re-esterification, fatty acid
  • refined carbohydrates
  • released fatty acids
  • resistin
  • retinol binding protein 4
  • saturated fat
  • short-chain fatty acid
  • signaling cascade
  • signaling molecules
  • skeletal muscle
  • somatostatin
  • splanchnic region
  • sterols
  • stimulatory G protein (Gs)
  • subcutaneous adipose tissue, subcutaneous fat
  • substrate metabolism
  • sugar
  • systemic circulation
  • tautomerizes
  • thrifty gene hypothesis
  • total body fat mass
  • trans fatty acids
  • translocate from an intracellular storage site to the plasma membrane
  • triglycerides (triglycerol)
  • triglycerides oxidation
  • tumor necrosis factor
  • tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα)
  • type 2 (II) diabetes mellitus
  • unesterified fatty acids
  • unphosphorylated perilipins
  • unsaturated fat
  • upper body (abdominal subcutaneous) adipose tissue
  • vasoconstriction
  • very long chain fatty acids
  • very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)
  • visceral fat
  • visfatin
  • waist–hip ratio
  • white adipose tissue
  • whole-body fatty acid flux
  • yellow bone marrow
  • α2-adrenoceptors
  • β Cells
  • β-adrenoceptors
  • μmol
Advertisements

About dmill96

old fat (but now getting trim and fit) guy, who used to create software in Silicon Valley (almost before it was called that), who used to go backpacking and bicycling and cross-country skiing and now geodashes, drives AWD in Wyoming, takes pictures, and writes long blog posts and does xizquvjyk.
This entry was posted in comment and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s